Why it is important to conduct a review of the literature as part of a research project

This is a cyclical process. It is usually one of the first tasks that graduate research students undertake, and one of the last to be completed. A literature review written in the early stages of research is likely to change because you need to review and revise it from time to time and ensure it is up to date.

Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines - ScienceDirect

You will probably find yourself engaging with the literature in different ways at different stages of your research. The review you conduct in your first year helps you to refine and justify your research questions. Your written report demonstrates your familiarity with the research in your field. Reviewing and revising your literature review during the period of your research is also necessary, to keep it up to date by including reviews of the most recent relevant publications.

You will also need to revisit your literature review in the final stages of your research to relate your own findings to what other scholars have previously found in your area. After selecting a topic to investigate, you will begin to locate and read sources. Then you will analyse, evaluate and synthesise the texts before organising them into a logical structure that you will use to write your literature review.

This is a cyclical, iterative process in that you will return to find and read more sources and incorporate them into your synthesis. While many of the general considerations outlined in this module are pertinent to all research, there are some particular things to consider when writing a literature review within your discipline.

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5 Reasons the Literature Review is Crucial to Your Paper

In the following sections, you will find additional information and advice for writing a literature review within specific disciplinary areas. Practice-based research often leads to the production of a creative artifact, a body of work or a performance, as well as an accompanying exegetical text. If you are writing a literature review as part of a practice-based exegesis, the content within this module will be relevant to you. With a focus on creative practice, your research may not necessarily be guided by an explicit research question or a gap that your research aims to address.

Definition

This involves identifying and discussing the key concepts, ideas and theories that are relevant to your research. Humanities theses are generally divided into chapters which each deal with an aspect of the research problem. There is usually also a short literature review in the introduction, to situate and justify the study, but often further appropriate research literature is integrated into each chapter.


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You can see an example of where literature is dealt with in the annotated humanities example on the Thesis structure page. In disciplines which use footnotes for referencing, some of the literature analysis is carried on in the footnotes, in parallel to the main argument in the text above, as can be seen in the example below, from a history thesis.

This is reflected in scholarship that deals with predestination. Historians and theologians tend to focus primarily on its place within Protestant thinking and its role in the Reformation, generally seeing the earlier Catholic inheritance as something that began with Augustine and stopped with Aquinas.

In particular, scholars have focused on the abstract, speculative aspects of predestination rather than on the body of doctrine and moral instruction that it involved. In doing so, scholars focus on only the historical facets of predestination doctrine which are applicable to their own view of the concept. Most works on predestination look at the Protestant concept, with others examining a strict orthodox Catholic interpretation.

For an example of this singular focus in this case, Protestant , see, Peter J.

Why do I need a literature review?

Vrin, In scientific and technical disciplines, including medicine and health sciences, the literature review is often more narrowly framed around a specific discipline or research area than in the humanities. A successful scientific literature review will not only identify the current gap in knowledge, but also position your own research project as a viable way of addressing it. You thus need to build a solid argument to convince the reader that your theoretical and methodological approach is likely to result in a worthwhile contribution to knowledge.

In writing the review, it is important to identify the overarching themes that show you have a thorough grasp of the big picture, and to ensure your observations are supported by sufficient evidence.

Review of literature - Meaning - Purpose - Importance - Research Methodology

When reviewing and critiquing existing trends and methods, consider their design, scale and scope, and point out where findings are not comparable or are difficult to compare. Skip to content Skip to navigation. What is meant by the term literature? What is meant by the term review?


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Activity What do you think a literature review is, and what is it not? Analysis and synthesis Writing a literature review involves analysing and synthesising previous research. Different types of literature review Literature reviews exist within different types of scholarly works with varying foci and emphases. The function of literature reviews What is the purpose of conducting a literature review? The process of conducting a literature review Conducting a literature review is an ongoing, non-linear, and iterative process.

Early The review you conduct in your first year helps you to refine and justify your research questions. Each of the stages mentioned above involves three main steps: locate relevant literature, review the literature, and write about the literature. Discipline-specific considerations While many of the general considerations outlined in this module are pertinent to all research, there are some particular things to consider when writing a literature review within your discipline.

Practice-based research Practice-based research often leads to the production of a creative artifact, a body of work or a performance, as well as an accompanying exegetical text. Traditional literature reviews often lack thoroughness and rigor and are conducted ad hoc, rather than following a specific methodology. Therefore, questions can be raised about the quality and trustworthiness of these types of reviews.

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This paper discusses literature review as a methodology for conducting research and offers an overview of different types of reviews, as well as some guidelines to how to both conduct and evaluate a literature review paper. It also discusses common pitfalls and how to get literature reviews published.

Her research interest relates to service innovation, customer creativity, deviant customer behavior, and value co-creation as well as a special interest in literature review methodology. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies.

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